There’s really nothing “basic” about special education. And it’s just as tough to use the words “typical” or “usually.” Every kid is different. Each student, whether or not he has an identified disability, comes to us with different “inputs:” home environment, background experiences, cultural considerations, personal value and belief systems. Things we can do nothing about. So, we change and implement what we can to support each student’s unique needs. And that’s really what’s “basic” about Special Education.
Within the labyrinth that is Special Education, IDEA recognizes thirteen disability categories. Some of those categories are subdivided into more specific diagnoses. Take the category of Specific Learning Disability, for example. A “learning disability” can fall into 8 subcategories, such as Reading Comprehension or Listening Skills or Math Calculation. Confused yet? Just wait!